Birding in Taiwan

 

 

Birds in Taiwan

Endemic Species

Collared Bush-Robin

Flamecrest

Formosan Magpie

Formosan Whistling-Thrush

Mikado Pheasant

Steere's Liocichla

Styan's Bulbul

Swinhoe's Pheasant

Taiwan Barwing

Taiwan Bush-Warbler

Taiwan Partridge

Taiwan Yuhina

White-eared Sibia

White-whiskered Laughingthrush

Yellow Tit

 

Possible Future Full Species

Black-necklaced (Spot-breasted) Scimitar-Babbler

 

Endemic Sub-Species

Alpine Accentor

Barred Buttonquail

Besra

Black Bulbul

Black Drongo

Black-browed Barbet

Black Kite

Black-naped Monarch

Bronzed Drongo

Brown Bullfinch

Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler

Brown-eared Bulbul

Chinese Bamboo-Partridge

Collared Finchbill

Collared Scops-Owl

Collared Owlet

Coal Tit

Crested Goshawk

Crested Myna

Crested Serpent-Eagle

Dusky Fulvetta

Eurasian Jay

Eurasian Nutcracker

Golden Parrotbill

Gray Treepie

Gray-cheeked Fulvetta

 Gray-headed Bullfinch

Green-backed Tit

House Swift

Hwamei

Island Thrush

Kentish (Snowy) Plover

Lanyu’ Scops-Owl

Light-vented Bulbul

Little Ringed Plover

Maroon Oriole

Mountain Scops-Owl

Oriental Skylark

Oriental Turtle-Dove

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Plain Flowerpecker

Plain Prinia

Plumbeous Redstart

Pygmy Wren-Babbler

Ring-necked Pheasant

Rufous-capped Babbler

 Rusty Laughingthrush

Silver-backed Needletail

Slaty-legged Crake

Snowy-browed Flycatcher

Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler

Streak-throated Fulvetta

Striated Prinia

Varied Tit

Vinaceous Rosefinch

Vivid Niltava

Vinous-throated Parrotbill

Whistling Green-Pigeon

White-backed Woodpecker

White-bellied Green-Pigeon

White-browed Bush-Robin

White-browed Shortwing

White-tailed Robin

White-throated Laughingthrush

Winter Wren

Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler

 

More Birds in Taiwan

Black-crowned Night Heron

Black-faced Spoonbill

Black-naped Oriole

Black-throated Tit

Black-winged Stilt

Brown-headed Thrush

Cattle Egret

Chinese Crested Tern

Chinese Goshawk

Cinnamon Bittern

Common Kingfisher

Common Kestrel

Common Moorhen

Common Snipe

Daurian Redstart

Eastern Marsh Harrier

Eurasian Wigeon

Eurasian Teal

Fairy Pitta

Fork-tailed or Pacific Swift

Garganey

Gray-chinned Minivet

Gray-faced Buzzard

Gray Heron

Great Cormorant

Great Egret

Greater Painted-Snipe

Ijima’s Leaf-Warbler

Intermediate Egret

Japanese White-eye

Lesser Coucal

Little Egret

Little Forktail

Little Grebe

Malayan Night-heron

Northern Pintail

Northern Shoveler

Osprey

Pacific Golden-Plover

Pale Thrush

Peregrine Falcon

Red Collared-Dove

Russet Sparrow

Spot-billed Duck

Spotted Dove

Tufted Duck

White-breasted Waterhen

Yellow Bittern

 

 

Black-necklaced (Spot-breasted) Scimitar-Babbler

Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis

 

Proposed New Endemic Species

 

The Black-necklaced Scimitar-Babbler has been proposed as a new species endemic to Taiwan, split from the Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler (see Handbook of Birds of the World Vol. 12, p. 167, 2007, Lynx Edicions).  This is a medium-sized (24 cm) bird with a fairly long, curved bill.  It is brownish on the head, becoming rufous-brown on the nape, back and tail, and richer rufous-chestnut on the wings.  The throat is white, bordered on the upper breast by a thick necklace of neat, broad black streaks.  The central lower underparts are white, and the flanks are grayish-rufous. The lores are white, and there is a conspicuous black moustachial stripe.  The eye is yellowish, the bill grayish and the legs are pale brown or grayish brown.  Sexes are alike.

 

The Black-necklaced Scimitar-Babbler feeds on insects that it finds mainly on the ground by scratching away at the surface, and may also eat some fruit.  This species favors the upper undergrowth and lower tree levels of foothill, submontane and montane forest from 50 m. up to elevations of 2000 to 2500 m.  Little information on breeding habits is available, but its nest is likely similar to that of the Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler from which the Taiwan species has been split: a loose dome with a side entrance constructed of leaves, coarse grasses and plant fibres, placed on the ground or low in a bush.  The clutch consists of 4 eggs.

 

Pairs often sing together, the male producing a loud whistled “whiu’ whi”, quickly answered by the female with “wu” or “woh”, continuing as a duet of “whiu’whi – woh, whiu’whi – woh”.  Other loud, hoarse whistles are also produced.  The Black-necklaced Scimitar-Babbler is a common resident of Taiwan.

 

References:  Handbook of Birds of the World Vol. 12;  Forktail 22:  85–112, “A partial revision of the Asian babblers (Timaliidae)”, Nigel J. Collar, 2006; A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Mackinnon and Phillipps).